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1. Environmental Health Research Line
Environmental agents can have direct toxicities and influence biological processes. The resulting disease processes often develop insidiously and are recognized at a late stage severely affecting the health and life quality of the elderly and imposing a heavy burden on National health systems.
This research line aims to identify those disease processes through epidemiologically-directed research, and to study the mechanism of action of environmental stressors in the production of disease down to the molecular level.
Through the strong connections of Egas Moniz with the community, this line will translate the knowledge gained into preventive actions for achieving better health, with special focus on the elderly, including training and education of health professionals, and development of improved stress sensors aiming to reduce exposure and the consequent societal impact.
2. Clinical Research Line
This research line is committed to improving the health and wellbeing of society by boosting both innovation and fundamental and applied research on clinical problems. Egas Moniz has a large commitment to health care among local and Regional communities, hosting a major dental clinic, a third age rest house and physiotherapy units. This line aims to foster a translational research initiative bridging the gap between Fundamental Science and Clinical Research through:
a) The development of a support research infrastructure able to bridge the gap between fundamental research and clinical applications supported by robust interdisciplinary networks and teams.
b) Dissemination of core information, competencies and activities among CiiEM members, undergraduate students and community partners, through interaction with the Egas Moniz teaching units and promotion of a dedicated dissemination programme.
3. Public Health Microbiology Research Line
Public health microbiology is a cross-discipline area that spans the fields of human, animal, food, and environmental microbiology, with a focus on human health and disease. It requires laboratory scientists with the ability to work effectively across disciplines. The development of antibiotic resistance in bacteria and the emergence of new pathogens pose severe threats to society, and this has a huge impact in health units where hospital-acquired infections become increasingly dangerous.
This line will contribute to a better understanding, monitoring and control of microbial infections taking advantage of interactions with the community and with the large Egas Moniz clinical activity and facilities. Research on pathogens posing significant threats to the community, such as HIV and antibiotic-resistant bacteria, will be targeted by the research line, with the aim of understanding virulence factors and finding solutions that contribute towards the control and prevention of those threats.
4. Forensic Science and Psychology research line
Forensic Science and Psychological research line takes a translational approach to its functioning, linking fundamental and applied research to professional practice in Forensics and Psychology. This is achieved through the creation of a strong bridge between scientific research and the professional context. This multidisciplinary line is unified by a conceptual umbrella linking psychological processes and human behaviour with neural degeneration and designed novel psychoactive substances. This research line encompasses several branches aimed at the accomplishment of its main aim. Specific longitudinal research goals include deviant and violent human behaviour, toxicological impact of newly designed drugs and chemical-induced neural degeneration. The translational approach of this research aims at answering several issues from individual and social environments improving the prevention, intervention, forensic strategies and operational practice of professionals in the field.